Landscapes is the term used for art that depicts natural scenery such as forests, mountains, valleys, trees and rivers. This form of art can be populated by animal or human figures, but the main emphasis is the wide and sometimes panoramic view of the subject. The sky is a major component of this form of art, and weather a frequent component. The term appears in the English language in the early 1600s and appears to originate from The Netherlands.
Landscapes are a clearly defined subject and have usually been developed as a major art form where there is a well developed tradition of of the representation of other subjects. The two main traditions of landscapes come from Chinese and Western cultures. The Chinese art form draws on a tradition of Daoism that emphasis the importance of living in harmony. The Western art form draws on a tradition of Romanticism that emphasis individualism, emotionalism and a form of idealism.